Friday, January 25, 2008

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7207664.stm
Appalling' poultry farms exposed
By Amitabha Bhattasali
BBC News, Calcutta

Cockerel in West Bengal

A leading animal rights group in the Indian state of West Bengal has released film clips which it says shows the appalling state of poultry farming.

Footage taken by the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals [Peta] shows crowded, filthy and unhygienic conditions in chicken farms.

They say that their film shows that the conditions the chicken are kept in has led to the spread of the H5N1 virus.

Peta volunteers say the evidence has been compiled over a five year period.

Poultry farmers have denied the group's conclusions and criticised the report as "erroneous".

Health hazard

"These birds are crammed by the tens of thousands into dark, filthy sheds. They can't even move their wings. The chickens' accumulated waste actually burns their eyes," Peta spokesman G Jayasimha told the BBC.

Indian passer-by look at a truck-load of chickens, intercepted by the police whilst making an illegal district border crossing In West Bengal
Peta say the chickens are kept in cramped and filthy conditions

The report released by the group says that antibiotics are "routinely fed" to healthy livestock and poultry to make them gain weight faster and to compensate for unsanitary living conditions.

"Poultry sold under such unhygienic conditions is a serious health hazard," it says.

The report says that chickens are forced to reach their slaughter weight in just 40-42 days which means that their legs, heart and lungs cannot keep pace with the rapidly growing body weight.

It says this leads to various problems including congestive heart failure and ascites - a pooling of body fluids in the abdomen.

'High standards'

"For many birds, leg problems are so severe that they are unable to reach food and water. During transportation to slaughter - which involves long rides in all weather extremes - broken bones commonly occur.

"After they arrive at abattoirs, chickens are rapidly shackled and hung by their feet from conveyors in mechanised slaughterhouses. Many are often dumped into scalding hot de-feathering tanks while still conscious," the Peta report says.

Poultry farmers have rejected the allegations.

"The Indian poultry sector is one of the best managed ones in this region. Our practices are often compared to those in developed countries," said Madan Maity, chairman of the West Bengal chapter of National Egg Coordination Committee, an organisation of the poultry owners.

"We definitely maintain high standards of health and hygiene including vaccination," he said.

1 comment:

International PFA said...

Kolkata, January 25
Bird flu has spread to two more districts of Howrah and Purulia, bringing the number of districts hit by the disease in West Bengal to nine.

Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee said he called up agriculture minister Sharad Pawar and sought an active participation of the Centre to arrest the situation in the state.

With today’s reports of bird flu spreading to Howrah and Purulia, he felt the situation was far from normal.

He said the government was taking contingency measures to fight the disease on a war footing.

A larger number of veterinarians, volunteers and experts had been requisitioned to carry out culling of the infected birds and to check spread of the disease.

State animal husbandry minister Anisur Rahman expressed helplessness when he received the report from Bhopal Test Centre that the blood test of chickens and ducks sent from Howrah and Purulia had bird flu virus.

Doctors, nurses and other staff in all medical colleges of the affected districts and Kolkata have been asked to report for duty on Republic Day and during other holidays.

Home secretary Prasad Ranjan Roy said all border districts had been alerted and transhipments of birds, chickens and ducks from Bengal to other states had been stopped. He said so far Kolkata was safe.

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The wildlife department has issued a bird flu alert in Kerala, a major consumer of poultry products from other states.

AGARTALA: The Tripura government has banned the entry of poultry and poultry feed from outside the state and neighbouring Bangladesh.